Champion Hill, May 16, 1863

Some say that the decisive battle of the American Civil War was fought today 150 years ago along Baker’s Creek in Mississippi. In that battle, commonly¬†known¬†as the battle of Champion Hill, Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee decisively defeated John C. Pemberton’s Army of Mississippi and just missed rounding up most of it altogether.

Pemberton had moved out from Vicksburg in an effort to engage Grant’s army. He was not quite sure where it was. He entertained hopes of cutting Grant’s supply line and of joining with another Confederate force under Joseph E. Johnston to crush Grant … something rendered unlikely in the aftermath of Grant’s victory against Johnston at Jackson on May 14.

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